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:: Volume 2, Issue 3 (Summer, 2015) ::
Environ. health eng. manag. 2015, 2(3): 99-106 Back to browse issues page
Application of modified bentonite using sulfuric acid for the removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions
Masoud Moradi , Aliakbar Dehpahlavan , Roshanak Rezaei Kalantary , Ahmad Ameri , Mahdi Farzadkia , Hasan Izanloo
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences,Tehran, Iran , rezaei.r@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4928 Views)

Background: Environmental contamination by chromium (Cr) has become an important issue due to its adverse effects on human health and environment. This study was done to evaluate the application of modified bentonite using sulfuric acid as an adsorbent in the removal of hexavalent Cr from aqueous solution. Methods: Adsorbent features were determined using x-ray diffraction (XRD), fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) techniques. Thereafter, the effect of pH, contact time, adsorbent dosage and different concentrations of Cr was investigated. The experimental data was fitness in terms of kinetic and equilibrium adsorption processes. Results: The maximum capacity (Qm) of Cr(VI) according to Langmuir model was obtained at 4.21 mg/g. The experimental data properly obeyed the Longmuir and pseudo-second-order models. The highest percentage of Cr(VI) adsorption was observed at pH = 3 and the process after 60 minutes reached the equilibrium state. Conclusion: In Langmuir expression, the dimensionless constant separation term (RL) values for the adsorption of Cr onto the modified bentonite was in the range of 0-1, indicating that the adsorption is a favorable process and the modified bentonite has good potential in removing hexavalent Cr using sulfuric acid.

Keywords: Modified bentonite, Sulfuric acid, Adsorption, Hexavalent chromium, Aqueous solution
eprint link: http://eprints.kmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/22181
Full-Text [PDF 1251 kb]   (2003 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/09/22 | Accepted: 2015/09/22 | Published: 2015/09/22
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Moradi M, Dehpahlavan A, Rezaei Kalantary R, Ameri A, Farzadkia M, Izanloo H. Application of modified bentonite using sulfuric acid for the removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions. Environ. health eng. manag.. 2015; 2 (3) :99-106
URL: http://ehemj.com/article-1-93-en.html


Volume 2, Issue 3 (Summer, 2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله مدیریت و مهندسی بهداشت محیط Environmental Health Engineering And Management Journal
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