:: Volume 4, Issue 1 (Winter, 2017) ::
Environ. health eng. manag. 2017, 4(1): 55-58 Back to browse issues page
Simple method for extracting gold from electrical and electronic wastes using hydrometallurgical process
Mohammad Aali Dehchenari, Saeed Hosseinpoor, Rahim Aali , Nilowfar Salighehdar, Mohsen Mehdipour
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Nursing and Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran , Aali@hlth.mui.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4433 Views)

 Background: This research studied the feasibility of a simple method for extracting gold from central processing units (CPUs) of computer circuit boards without solvent.

Methods: Ceramic and composite CPUs of computer circuit boards were used. Gold was extracted using a hydrometallurgical method in six stages: grinding of CPUs, leaching in nitric acid, leaching in aqua regia, removing the excess nitric acid, extracting the gold, washing and purifying the gold deposits. Measurements of extracted precious metals were carried out by inductively coupled plasma (ICP).

Results: The results indicated that mean concentrations of gold in the first and second stages of leaching were 0.138 and 31.16 mg/L, respectively. Following the washing stage, the concentration of gold in the final deposit was 25 mg/L. The purity rate of the final deposit was 83.9%, and the final gold recovery yielded 82.3%.

Conclusion: The results of this study indicated there is a potential for extracting a high percentage of precious metals from e-wastes without solvent.

Keywords: E-waste, Gold extraction, Hydrometallurgical method
eprint link: http://eprints.kmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/26178
Full-Text [PDF 468 kb]   (29262 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/03/5 | Accepted: 2017/03/5 | Published: 2017/03/5

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Volume 4, Issue 1 (Winter, 2017) Back to browse issues page