:: Volume 2, Issue 2 ( Spring, 2015) ::
Environ. health eng. manag. 2015, 2(2): 53-58 Back to browse issues page
Humic acid removal from aqueous solutions by peroxi-electrocoagulation process
Ahmad Reza Yazdanbakhsh, Majid Kermani, Sanaz Komasi, Ehsan Aghayani, Amir Sheikhmohammadi
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , asheikh1359@gmail.com
Abstract:   (6590 Views)

Background: Natural organic matter is the cause of many problems associated with water treatment such as the presence of disinfection by-products (DBPs) and membrane fouling during water filtration. In this study, the performance of the peroxi-electrocoagulation process (PEP) was investigated for the removal of humic acids (HAs) from aqueous solutions. Methods: PEP was carried out for the removal of HA using a plexiglas reactor with a volume of 2 L and fitted with iron electrodes and a direct current supply (DC). Samples were taken at various amounts of pH (2-4), current density (1 and 2A/cm2), hydrogen peroxide (50-150 mg/L) and reaction time (5-20 minutes) and then filtered to remove sludge formed during reaction. Finally, the HA concentration was measured by UV absorbance at 254 nm (UV254). Results: Results indicated that increasing the concentration of H2O2 from 50 to 150 mg/L increased HA removal efficiency from 83% to 94.5%. The highest removal efficiency was observed at pH 3.0 by increasing the pH to the alkaline range, the efficiency of the process was reduced. It was found that HA removal efficiency was high in current density 1A/cm2. Increasing current density up to 1 A cm-2 caused a decrease in removal efficiency. Results of this study showed that under the optimum operating range for the process ([current density] = 1A/cm2, [hydrogen peroxide concentration] = 150 mg/L, [reaction time]= 20 minutes and [pH]= 3.0), HA removal efficiency reached 98%. Conclusion: It can be concluded that PEP has the potential to be utilized for cost-effective removal of HA from aqueous solutions. 

Keywords: Humic acid, Peroxi-electrocoagulation, Iron electrode, UV254, Water solutions
eprint link: http://eprints.kmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/22174
Full-Text [PDF 381 kb]   (1644 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/06/7 | Accepted: 2015/06/7 | Published: 2015/06/7


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Volume 2, Issue 2 ( Spring, 2015) Back to browse issues page