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جلد 8 شماره 4 صفحات 255-245 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
Global evaluation of potentially harmful elements (PHEs) in potato and carrot irrigated by wastewater: A systematic review, meta-analysis, and health risk assessment
چکیده:   (946 مشاهده)
Background: We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis on the concentration of potentially harmful elements (PHEs) in carrots and potatoes irrigated by wastewater and estimate non-carcinogenic health risks among adult and children consumers.
Methods: The health risk of PHEs concentration, including Pb, Cd, total Cr, Ni, Zn, Cu, and Fe, in the edible parts of carrot and potato irrigated by wastewater was investigated by a meta-analysis using a random-effects model (REM). Accordingly, the related articles were screened from international databases such as Scopus, Medline, and Embase.
Results: The meta-analysis of 32 papers (38 studies) revealed that the rank order of the most accumulated PHEs in potato was Fe (86.54 mg/kg wet weight) > Zn (30.9 mg/kg wet weight) > Cu (13.7 mg/kg wet weight) > Ni (8.42 mg/kg wet weight) > Pb (5.56 mg/kg wet weight) > Cr (3.45 mg/kg wet weight) > Cd (0.58 mg/kg wet weight). This ranking for carrot was Fe (43.36 mg/kg wet weight) > Zn (36.29 mg/kg wet weight) > Ni (13.49 mg/kg wet weight) > Cu (9.79 mg/kg wet weight) > Pb (1.84 mg/kg wet weight) > Cr (1.05 mg/kg wet weight) > Cd (0.28 mg/kg wet weight). Total hazard quotient (THQ) of PHEs was higher than 1 for potato and carrot; its rank order for potato and carrot was Cu > Pb > Cd > Ni > Fe > Zn > Cr and Cd > Pb > Cu > Ni > Fe > Zn > Cr, respectively. The Cd, Pb, and Cu had also a considerable role for consumer health risk.
Conclusion: According to the results, continuous monitor and control of wastewater treatment plants are necessary.
متن کامل [PDF 1119 kb]   (571 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: مقاله مروری | موضوع مقاله: عمومى
دریافت: 1400/8/11 | پذیرش: 1400/8/10 | انتشار: 1400/9/21
Tables S1-S3 [PDF 394 KB]  (44 دریافت)
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Ethics code: IR.SBMU.RETECH.REC.1398.647



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Karimi P, Yazdanbakhsh A, Atamaleki A, Kariminejad F, Ahmadian M, Fallah S. Global evaluation of potentially harmful elements (PHEs) in potato and carrot irrigated by wastewater: A systematic review, meta-analysis, and health risk assessment. Environ. Health Eng. Manag.. 2021; 8 (4) :245-255
URL: http://ehemj.com/article-1-834-fa.html

Global evaluation of potentially harmful elements (PHEs) in potato and carrot irrigated by wastewater: A systematic review, meta-analysis, and health risk assessment. مجله مدیریت و مهندسی بهداشت محیط. 1400; 8 (4) :255-245

URL: http://ehemj.com/article-1-834-fa.html



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دوره 8، شماره 4 - ( 8-1400 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
مجله مدیریت و مهندسی بهداشت محیط Environmental Health Engineering And Management Journal
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