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:: Volume 3, Issue 3 (Summer, 2016) ::
Environ. health eng. manag. 2016, 3(3): 115-121 Back to browse issues page
Dental waste characterization in the city of Ilam in 2014
Farzad Kazemi, Zabihollah Yousefi , Reza Ali Mohammadpour
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran , zyousefi2004@gmail.com
Abstract:   (10135 Views)

Background: Dental wastes are one of the environmental issues due to toxic and pathogenic agents such as pathological wastes, pharmaceutical and chemical etc have particular sensitivity. The aim of this study was to determine the dental waste management and related factors in the city of Ilam.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the studied community was all the sixteen dental clinics in Ilam. Five samples of each clinic per week (Saturday, Sunday and Wednesday) were selected. Thereafter waste sample was manually separated into 36 components and were weighed using a laboratory scale with an accuracy of 0.01 g. Each component was weighed five times and the mean value obtained for each component was considered. Production per capita was calculated for each person. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, SPSS and Excel software.
Results: The per capita percent for infectious waste section was 51%. The average of infectious waste is 201.13 g. The per capita percent for chemical, pharmaceutical waste section was 36% with an average of 142.48 g. The per capita percent for toxicity section was 13% in the dental clinics with the weighted average of 48.78 g. According to the results of the checklist, further dental clinics have been poorly managed.
Conclusion: According to the presence of various materials and different components with different characteristics in the dental wastes, the optimal management of this type of wastes should be carried out based on the specific characteristics, which include programs to reduce waste production, segregation, recycle and reuse.

Keywords: Waste management, dental waste, infectious waste, toxic waste
eprint link: http://eprints.kmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/25510
Full-Text [PDF 473 kb]   (2908 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/06/19 | Accepted: 2016/06/19 | Published: 2016/06/19
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Kazemi F, Yousefi Z, Mohammadpour R A. Dental waste characterization in the city of Ilam in 2014. Environ. health eng. manag.. 2016; 3 (3) :115-121
URL: http://ehemj.com/article-1-162-en.html


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Volume 3, Issue 3 (Summer, 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله مدیریت و مهندسی بهداشت محیط Environmental Health Engineering And Management Journal
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