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:: Volume 4, Issue 1 (Winter, 2017) ::
Environ. health eng. manag. 2017, 4(1): 1-6 Back to browse issues page
Geohelminthic: human ascariasis and trichuriasis in Mazandaran province, northern Iran
Hajar Ziaei, Fatemeh Sayyahi, Mahboobeh Hoseiny, Mohammad Vahedi, Shirzad Gholami
Molecular and Cell Biology Research Center, Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran , sgholami200@gmail.com
Abstract:   (8037 Views)

Background: Ascariasis and trichuriasis are the most common intestinal geohelminthic diseases, and as such they are significant in terms of clinical and public health. This study was done to determine prevalence, status and geographic distribution patterns for Ascariasis and Trichuriasis. The study was done in the period 1991-2014 in northern Iran using Aregis 9.2 software.

Methods: This was a review study, using description and analysis, of geographical distribution of Ascaris and Trichuris relating to townships in Mazandran province, northern Iran, covering a 23-year period. Data were collected from a review of the relevant literature, summarized and classified using Arc GIS, 9.2 to design maps and tables.

Results: Based on results presented in tables and maps, means for prevalence of Ascaris and Trichuris were divided into five groups. The maximum prevalence rate of Ascaris was 16.3% reported in rural areas of Tonkabon in 1981-1982. Prevalence means for Ascaris in the central and western areas of Mazandaran province were 2%-4% and 4%, respectively. The maximum prevalence of Trichuris in the rural area of Tonkabon was 22.5% and the lowest 0.06% was among the cattle breeder’s in rural areas of the province at in 2002-2003.

Conclusion: Data presented in this study provides information useful to health care workers researchers and health administrators, especially for physicians, clinicians and for future research. Also, it is necessary to control and prevent geohelminthic parasitic infections, particularly in rural areas by public education for families, health authorities and health care systems.

Keywords: Geohelminths, Ascariasis, Trichuriasis, Geographical distribution
eprint link: http://eprints.kmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/26163
Full-Text [PDF 934 kb]   (1877 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/03/17 | Accepted: 2017/03/17 | Published: 2017/03/17
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Ziaei H, Sayyahi F, Hoseiny M, Vahedi M, Gholami S. Geohelminthic: human ascariasis and trichuriasis in Mazandaran province, northern Iran. Environ. health eng. manag.. 2017; 4 (1) :1-6
URL: http://ehemj.com/article-1-239-en.html

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Volume 4, Issue 1 (Winter, 2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله مدیریت و مهندسی بهداشت محیط Environmental Health Engineering And Management Journal
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