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:: Volume 6 - Issue 4 (Autumn 12-2019) (In press) ::
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Evaluation of exposure to phthalate esters through the use of various brands of drinking water bottled in polyethylene terephthalate (PET) containers under different storage conditions
Zabihollah Yousefi , Alireza Ala , Esmaeil Babanezhad , Reza Ali Mohammadpour
Corresponding author: Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran , ala_alireza@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (93 Views)
Background: There are many concerns about the migration of phthalates into bottled water. These compounds are hazardous to consumers. In this study, the risk factors of the use of various brands of drinking water bottled in polyethylene terephthalate (PET) containers under different storage conditions were examined.
Methods: Phthalate esters were measured and analyzed using air-assisted liquid-liquid microextraction (AALLME) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Subsequently, the risk of exposure to the desired compounds was evaluated by calculating the risk factor and excess cancer risk. Data were statistically analyzed using SPSS version 24 software.
Results: The average concentration of phthalate esters (DEHP, DBP, DIBP, DEP, and DMP) after 5 and 15 days of storage at incubator temperature of 42°C, and after 15, 45, and 75 days at incubator temperature of 25°C by increasing the initial level of the conditions was 7.28, 8.99, 1.78, 5.6, 6.45, and 8.55 ppb, respectively. The risk factor of non-carcinogenic effects of phthalates for consumers was low and can be ignored (HQ<1). Also, the risk of additional cancer due to the presence of diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) in bottled water is very low (4.8551×10-6).
Conclusion: However, due to the increase in the concentration of phthalate esters in bottled water by increasing the storage time and temperature, as well as increasing the ethylene hexyl phthalate content from its established limit, the use of bottled water kept in unsuitable conditions for the society, and especially the sensitive groups, is not appropriate.
Keywords: Phthalate esters, Bottled water, Storage conditions, Risk assessment, Various brands
Full-Text [PDF 1024 kb]   (46 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/12/1 | Accepted: 2019/12/1 | Published: 2019/12/1
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مجله مدیریت و مهندسی بهداشت محیط Environmental Health Engineering And Management Journal
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