[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 7, Issue 1 (Winter 2020) ::
Environ. health eng. manag. 2020, 7(1): 1-6 Back to browse issues page
Cultivation of Chlorella pyrenoidosa as a raw material for the production of biofuels in palm oil mill effluent medium with the addition of urea and triple super phosphate
Shinta Elystia , Sri Rezeki Muria , Herta Furaida Erlangga
Corresponding author:Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Riau University, Kampus Bina Widya, Pekanbaru, Riau 28293, Indonesia , shintaelystia@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (139 Views)
Background: The utilization of microalgae as a renewable energy is an important aspect in solving shortage of future oil reserve in 15 years. One of the renewable energy sources is microalgae biodiesel. Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is a wastewater that has a high content of organic materials. These organic materials can be used as growth nutrients for microalgae. Chlorella pyrenoidosa is one of the most potential microalgae used as a raw material for the production of biodiesel since it contains lipids (8%-35%).
Methods: Chlorella pyrenoidosa was cultured on the POME medium with concentrations of 0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100%v with addition of synthetic nutrients (urea: TSP) at the ratios of 2:1 ; 1:2 ; 0.5:1 in a 500 mL Erlenmeyer flask, at pH 6-8, aeration using aquarium pumps, and using LED lights (3000 lux).
Results: It was revealed that at POME concentration of 25% and with addition of urea: TSP at a ratio of 2:1, the optimum specific growth rate (0.306/day) with the highest number of cells was 3.530 × 107 cells/mL and the highest lipid content was 36% of its dry weight. The removal efficiency of POME could be obtained from the removal efficiency of chemical oxygen demand (COD), total nitrogen, and orthophosphate (P-PO4), which was 70, 90.42, and 81.12%, respectively.
Conclusion: According to the results, under appropriate culture conditions, C. pyrenoidosa can produce lipids with good use of nutrients contained in the POME medium.
Keywords: Chlorella pyrenoidosa, POME, Lipid, Urea: TSP
Full-Text [PDF 469 kb]   (59 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/03/9 | Accepted: 2020/03/9 | Published: 2020/03/9
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA



XML     Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Elystia S, Muria S R, Erlangga H F. Cultivation of Chlorella pyrenoidosa as a raw material for the production of biofuels in palm oil mill effluent medium with the addition of urea and triple super phosphate. Environ. health eng. manag.. 2020; 7 (1) :1-6
URL: http://ehemj.com/article-1-569-en.html


Volume 7, Issue 1 (Winter 2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله مدیریت و مهندسی بهداشت محیط Environmental Health Engineering And Management Journal
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 4071