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:: Volume 8, Issue 2 (Spring 2021) ::
Environ. Health Eng. Manag. 2021, 8(2): 129-140 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of groundwater vulnerability to pollution using DRASTIC, composite DRASTIC, and nitrate vulnerability models
Mohsen Pourkhosravani , Fatemeh Jamshidi , Nasrin Sayari
Corresponding author: Department of Geography and Urban Planning Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran , pourkhosravani@uk.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2281 Views)
Background: Groundwater protection against pollution is a very important issue. Groundwater vulnerability maps are useful tools for protecting aquifers and assessing the potential for contamination. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to prepare vulnerability maps and perform sensitivity analysis to identify the most influential factors in the vulnerability of the studied aquifer.
Methods: In this study, groundwater vulnerability to pollution was evaluated using DRASTIC, composite DRASTIC, and nitrate vulnerability (NV) models. Drastic is an index for the systematic assessment of potential groundwater pollution. In this method, the drastic index was calculated from the total weight and rank of the factors. For this purpose, first the factors affecting the pollution transfer, were weighted, ranked, and merged using GIS software. Then, using the overlapping techniques and after applying the necessary weight coefficients on each layer, a map of the vulnerability area of the study aquifer was prepared.
Results: It was revealed that there is a significant linear relationship between all three models with the distribution of nitrate concentration. Accordingly, it was the most efficient NV model, followed by the composite DRASTIC (CD) and DRASTIC models, respectively. Also, in the studied aquifer, the DRASTIC index was between 147 and 136, the combined DRASTIC index was between 70 and 190, and the nitrate index was between 13 and 132.
Conclusion: Vulnerability assessment of the studied aquifer using DRASTIC, and combined DRASTIC, and NV indices shows that, according to the DRASTIC index, 69.7% of the studied aquifer was in the medium vulnerability class. Also, according to the combined DRASTIC index, the largest area (53.62%) has low vulnerability and 31.56% has moderate vulnerability. But according to the nitrate index, 77.16% of the aquifers had very low vulnerability.
Keywords: Environmental pollution, Groundwater, Geographic information systems, Soil, Nitrate
eprint link: http://eprints.kmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/38085
Full-Text [PDF 1963 kb]   (2073 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: General
Received: 2021/05/17 | Accepted: 2021/02/28 | Published: 2021/02/28
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Pourkhosravani M, Jamshidi F, Sayari N. Evaluation of groundwater vulnerability to pollution using DRASTIC, composite DRASTIC, and nitrate vulnerability models. Environ. Health Eng. Manag. 2021; 8 (2) :129-140
URL: http://ehemj.com/article-1-745-en.html

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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 8, Issue 2 (Spring 2021) Back to browse issues page
Environmental Health Engineering And Management Journal Environmental Health Engineering And Management Journal
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