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:: Volume 8, Issue 3 (Summer 2021) ::
Environ. health eng. manag. 2021, 8(3): 197-204 Back to browse issues page
Feasibility study of the application of treated wastewater for the irrigation of forest species in a Saharan area
Hamza Negais , Tahar Idder , Hamid Cheloufi , Abdelhak Idder , Slimane Ahmed Benmchi’h Ayada
Corresponding author: Department of Biology, Laboratory of Phoeniciculture Research, University of Ouargla, Kasdi Merbah, BP 511, Ouargla, Algeria , hamza.bio30@gmail.com
Abstract:   (267 Views)
Background: After suffering from an acute problem of excess water for a long time, the Oasis of Ouargla benefited from an aerated lagoon treatment plant, producing biologically treated domestic effluents. The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility of reusing this effluent for watering plants. The experiment was conducted in the Ouargla WWTP, which is located in the region of Said Otba (northeast of Ouargla), north of the national road NR 49.
Methods: The study area was selected based on the originality of the study and availability of water. The plants used were Acacia farnesiana and Leucaena leucocephala. The selection of Leucaena was based on the following criteria: It is used as a windbreak, it is very tolerant to drought, and it is used as a fodder to maintain soil fertility. And, Acacia was selected because it is used as a fodder, protects the soil against erosion, and to fix nitrogen. The watering of these plants is done jointly by treated wastewater from the WWTP and well water (WW), of which the latter was used as a control. Sampling and analysis of the irrigation water were performed according to the experimental protocol. To show the growth rate of the two plants studied, biometric measurements were taken weekly for 25 weeks.
Results: The physicochemical analyses show that the treated wastewater is of poor quality belonging to the last class of Riverside’s C5-S4, with an excessive salinity (EC) of 13.51 dS/m and an Sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) of 12.61 against EC of 2.49 dS/m and 2.13 for the WW. At the end of the experiment, it was found that irrigation with purified wastewater (PWW) gave less growth compared to that with WW. Statistical analyses of the biometric measurements confirmed that there is a highly significant difference at P < 0.05.
Conclusion: The reuse of WWTP effluent gives less interesting results but is still possible. It is recommended to choose Salt-tolerant crops, as well as the dilution of these waters by the addition of less salty waters.
Keywords: Well water, Treated waste water, Forest species, Irrigation Saharan area, Wastewater reuse
eprint link: http://eprints.kmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/38222
Full-Text [PDF 1116 kb]   (139 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: General
Received: 2021/09/22 | Accepted: 2021/08/1 | Published: 2021/09/26
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Negais H, Idder T, Cheloufi H, Idder A, Ahmed Benmchi’h Ayada S. Feasibility study of the application of treated wastewater for the irrigation of forest species in a Saharan area. Environ. health eng. manag.. 2021; 8 (3) :197-204
URL: http://ehemj.com/article-1-816-en.html

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Volume 8, Issue 3 (Summer 2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله مدیریت و مهندسی بهداشت محیط Environmental Health Engineering And Management Journal
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