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:: Volume 8, Issue 4 (Autumn 2021) ::
Environ. Health Eng. Manag. 2021, 8(4): 319-327 Back to browse issues page
Determination and risk assessment of heavy metals in air dust fall particles
Amir Javid , Alireza Nasiri , Hakimeh Mahdizadeh , Seyed Mojtaba Momtaz , Mahdieh Azizian , Neda Javid
Corresponding author: Environmental Health Engineering Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran , n_javid@Kmu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (699 Views)
Background: Urban and industrial development has increased the concentration of heavy metals in various environments, and also, increased their amount in dust fall particles. The aim of this study was to determine and assess the risk of heavy metals in air dust fall particles.
Methods: Sampling of air dust fall particles was performed using the British model Dust Fall Jar devices. Heavy metals concentrations in the samples were determined using an atomic absorption spectrometer device. Then, the risk assessment of heavy metals in air dust fall was calculated by three indicators including enrichment factor (EF), geo-accumulation index (Igeo), and integrated pollution index (IPI). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Excel 2016 software.
Results: Zn was the most abundant heavy metal. The results of EF index showed that the highest degree of enrichment of dust fall particles with heavy metals is related to Ag and the lowest one is related to Cr. Also, the changes of Mean of both Igeo and IP indicators were as Ag > Pb > Zn > Cd > Cu > Co > Cr.
Conclusion: According to the results, it can be concluded that Cr metal is originated from the earth and other metals are of man-made origin and are mainly due to the emissions of vehicles and industries. Also, on average, the samples had very low pollution in relation to all metals. Although the amount of pollution caused by heavy metals has not exceeded the allowable limits, but considering industrial development programs in the region, continuous measures to control air pollution caused by industries, are absolutely necessary.
Keywords: Metals, Air pollution, Risk assessment
eprint link: http://eprints.kmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/38740
Full-Text [PDF 1187 kb]   (488 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: General
Received: 2021/12/4 | Accepted: 2021/11/1 | Published: 2021/12/12
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Ethics code: IR.KMU.REC.1398.651

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Javid A, Nasiri A, Mahdizadeh H, Momtaz S M, Azizian M, Javid N. Determination and risk assessment of heavy metals in air dust fall particles. Environ. Health Eng. Manag.. 2021; 8 (4) :319-327
URL: http://ehemj.com/article-1-853-en.html

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Volume 8, Issue 4 (Autumn 2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله مدیریت و مهندسی بهداشت محیط Environmental Health Engineering And Management Journal
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