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:: Volume 11, Issue 1 (Winter 2024) ::
Environ. Health Eng. Manag. 2024, 11(1): 105-125 Back to browse issues page
Evaluating the effectiveness of advanced oxidation processes for leachate treatment: A systematic review
Mohammad Ali Zazouli , Zabihollah Yousefi , Esmaeil Babanezhad , Reza Ali Mohammadpour , Alireza Ala
Corresponding author: Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Health Sciences Research Center, Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran , ala_alireza@yahoo. com
Abstract:   (471 Views)
Background: Leachate, containing challenging-to-degrade organic substances and persistent toxins, poses significant environmental concerns. Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) have emerged as a promising solution for effective leachate treatment. This research provides a comprehensive review of the impact of various AOPs in leachate treatment.
Methods: This systematic review was conducted, encompassing commonly used AOPs such as ozone, peroxone, O3/catalyst, Fenton, photo-Fenton, UV/TiO2, photolytic persulfate, O3/UV, and O3/H2O2/ UV. Extensive searches were performed using reputable databases, including EBSCO, PubMed, Web
of Science, and Google Scholar. Specific keywords and inclusion/exclusion criteria were applied. Data regarding leachate treatment parameters were meticulously summarized and analyzed using descriptive statistical methods.
Results: The efficiency of AOPs in removing leachate organic matter varied, with chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal ranging from 41% to 83% in treatment systems. The order of effectiveness was found to be: O3/UV/H2O2 > photo-Fenton > UV/TiO2 > Fenton > persulfate (PS) > O3/UV > O3/H2O2 > O3/catalyst > ozonation (O3). The highest COD removal efficiency of 83.75% was achieved using the O3/UV/H2O2 AOP approach. The removal efficiency of color also varied, ranging from 32% to 100%, depending on the leachate’s characteristics, concentration, and specific treatment process utilized.
Conclusion: AOPs, particularly the hybrid approach using O3/UV/H2O2, significantly enhance waste leachate treatment by effectively degrading persistent organic compounds through the generation of hydroxyl radicals. Further research is required to optimize AOPs and improve their efficiency in waste leachate treatment.
Keywords: Advanced oxidation processes, Chemical oxygen demand, Hydroxyl radicals, Leachate treatment, Organic compounds
Full-Text [PDF 1099 kb]   (548 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: General
Received: 2024/02/4 | Accepted: 2024/01/20 | Published: 2024/03/13
Supplementary File [PDF 273 KB]  (26 Download)
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Ethics code: IR.MAZUMS.REC.1401.377

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Zazouli M A, Yousefi Z, Babanezhad E, Mohammadpour R A, Ala A. Evaluating the effectiveness of advanced oxidation processes for leachate treatment: A systematic review. Environ. Health Eng. Manag. 2024; 11 (1) :105-125
URL: http://ehemj.com/article-1-1282-en.html

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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 11, Issue 1 (Winter 2024) Back to browse issues page
Environmental Health Engineering And Management Journal Environmental Health Engineering And Management Journal
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