[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Home::
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
For Reviewers::
Registration::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
::
Search in website

Advanced Search
..
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
..
Open Access
AWT IMAGE
..
MeSH Browser

AWT IMAGE

..
Scopus quartile
..
Google Scholar

Citation Indices from GS

AllSince 2019
Citations28942517
h-index2422
i10-index10286

..
ORCID
..
:: Volume 11-Issue 2, Spring 2024 (In press) ::
Back to the articles list Back to browse issues page
Estimation of fluoride levels in indigenous Ayurvedic preparations prescribed for infants, toddlers, and preschool children in Kerala, India
Ameena Mayeen Siyad , Subramaniam Ramanarayanan , Jesline Merly James , Priya Babu , Suneesh Kuruvilla , Gis George
Corresponding author: Department of Public Health Dentistry, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, Kothamangalam, Nellikuzhi, Kerala 686691, India , jeslinemj@gmail.com
Abstract:   (132 Views)
Background: Optimal feeding of children with adequate nutrients is regarded as the most effective method for proper growth and development, which occurs rapidly during the first few years of life. In this regard, Ayurvedic nutritional supplements and herbal medicines are given in infancy and early childhood. This age group is of utmost importance in dentistry. Plants and herbal derivatives are rich sources of fluoride. Hence, monitoring of ingested fluoride levels during this stage is of utmost importance to optimize its intake and avoid toxicity. The study assessed and compared the fluoride concentration in preparations of indigenous Ayurvedic prescribed for infants, toddlers, and preschool children in Kerala, India.
Methods: In this laboratory study, three samples each of nine indigenous Ayurvedic preparations of solid, semi-solid, and liquid forms were used. Fluoride level was measured by high range fluoride colorimeter—Checker HC—Hanna Instruments, based on sodium 2-(parasulphophenylazo)-1,8- dihydroxy-3,6-naphthalene disulphonate (SPADNS) method, and recorded in parts per million (ppm).
Results: Among powder forms, the highest fluoride concentration was observed for Gopichandanadi (2.40 ± 2.02 ppm). Among semi-solid and liquid forms, the highest concentration was found in Chyavanaprasha (1.30 ± 1.73 ppm) and Indukantham syrup (9.8 ± 0.10 ppm), respectively. The highest mean fluoride concentration was obtained from liquid forms, followed by solid forms, and the lowest one was present in semi-solid forms.
Conclusion: Although the concentration of fluoride varied across the various forms of preparation, none of them exceeded the safely tolerated dose (STD) of 8-16 mg/kg.
Keywords: Fluorides, Medicine, Ayurvedic, Infant, Child
Full-Text [PDF 681 kb]   (82 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2024/05/25 | Accepted: 2024/04/22
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA

Ethics code: IEC/IGIDS/04/2022


XML     Print



Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Back to the articles list Back to browse issues page
Environmental Health Engineering And Management Journal Environmental Health Engineering And Management Journal
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 47 queries by YEKTAWEB 4652