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:: Volume 8, Issue 3 (Summer 2021)(In press) ::
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Health sector’s flood response plan: A comprehensive review
Ali Mohajervatan , Nahid Tavakoli , Hamidreza Khankeh , Ahmad Reza Raeisi , Golrokh Atighechian
Department of Health in Disaster and Emergencies, School of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran , mohajervatanali@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (149 Views)
Background: Floods are the most common natural disaster which may have substantial impacts on the human health and life and the environment. In recent years, Iran have faced many floods and it seems that increasing impacts of floods in Iran are attributed to inadequate preparation and no well-established strategies and guidelines for response by health sector and other related response organizations. So, this study was conducted to review the current plans in the world to identify the required elements of the flood emergency response plan to prevent its consequences on the health sector in Iran.
Methods: A comprehensive review was performed through search on electronic data bases, including, Medline, Scopus, ProQuest, and e-journals which were accessible during 2010-2020. The keywords were response plan, flood, requirements, guidelines, and health sector. Data were collected using data extraction form and analyzed through content analysis.
Results: In the initial search, 960 possible sources of flood response were identified. After excluding duplicate papers and the documents that did not contribute to the flood response plan, 64 articles and programs or guidelines that all them has been reviewed, were obtained. The findings were divided into two groups, response prerequisites and response activities.
Conclusion: This review provided a complete view of the flood consequences for the health sector and allows professionals to incorporate facets of the health effect of floods into a flood response plan. The flood response plan was divided into two general categories: Initial and specific, each of which plays an important role in preventing the negative effects of the floods.
Keywords: Flood, Response plan, Health sector, Response prerequisite, Response action
Full-Text [PDF 395 kb]   (134 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/08/2 | Accepted: 2021/08/1
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Ethics code: https://ethics. research.ac.ir/IR.MUI.RESEARCH.REC.1399.498


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