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:: Volume 9, Issue 3 (Summer 2022) ::
Environ. Health Eng. Manag. 2022, 9(3): 223-232 Back to browse issues page
Driving Forces of CO2 Emissions Based on Impulse Response Function and Variance Decomposition: A Case of the Main African Countries
Aminu Hassan Jakada * , Suraya Mahmood , Ali Umar Ahmad , Ibrahim Garba Muhammad , Ismail Aliyu Danmaraya , Nura Sani Yahaya
Corresponding author: Department of Economics and Development Studies, Federal University Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria , aminu.jakada@fud.edu.ng
Abstract:   (1116 Views)
Background: The need to understand the causes of CO2 emissions has prompted the formulation of strategies to prevent global warming. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to determine the input variable that is the most influential in contributing to CO2 emissions and at the same time to forecast the effect of a shock in macroeconomic variables on CO2 emissions for 6 leading African countries over the period of 1970 to 2019.
Methods: In this study, the statistical methods of impulse response function and variance decomposition techniques of analysis were used.
Results: A one-standard-deviation rise in economic growth leads to an increase in CO2 emissions. A shifts in the square of economic growth increased CO2 emissions, the shock was smaller than that of economic growth. This confirms the theory of EKC in Africa. A shocks to FDI had a positive influence on CO2 emissions. A one standard deviation shock in financial development had an instantaneous positive impact on CO2 emissions. FDI had a greater effect than other factors in explaining CO2 emissions over the short and medium term. In the long run, economic growth contributes the most to CO2 emissions among the explanatory variables.
Conclusion: The findings of the study can be used as a reference for international organizations and environmental policymakers in forecasting climate change and assisting in policy decision-making. Africa must boost economic growth through industrial, agricultural, and energy usage patterns and integrate innovation, research, and technology advances into their developmental agenda to fulfil sustainable development goals while lowering CO2 emissions and their consequences.
Keywords: Economic development, Climate change, Impulse response function, Variance decomposition, Africa
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: General
Received: 2022/07/19 | Accepted: 2022/07/1 | Published: 2022/09/19
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Jakada A H, Mahmood S, Ahmad A U, Garba Muhammad I, Aliyu Danmaraya I, Sani Yahaya N. Driving Forces of CO2 Emissions Based on Impulse Response Function and Variance Decomposition: A Case of the Main African Countries. Environ. Health Eng. Manag. 2022; 9 (3) :223-232
URL: http://ehemj.com/article-1-970-en.html

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Volume 9, Issue 3 (Summer 2022) Back to browse issues page
Environmental Health Engineering And Management Journal Environmental Health Engineering And Management Journal
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