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:: Volume 4, Issue 2 (Spring, 2017) ::
Environ. Health Eng. Manag. 2017, 4(2): 101-108 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of cardiovascular and respiratory mortality attributed to atmospheric SO2 and CO using AirQ model
Majid Kermani, Mohsen Dowlati, Sevda Fallah Jokandan, Mina Aghaei, Farshad Bahrami Asl, Sima Karimzadeh *
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Urima University of Medical Sciences, Urima, Iran , sima.karimzade@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (8777 Views)

Background: Air pollutants have multiple adverse effects on human health. In this study, the health effects of exposure to carbon monoxide (CO) and SO2 in the air of 6 Iranian metropolises in 2011-2012 were examined.
Methods: Raw data was collected from the Iranian Department of Environment and the Iran Meteorological Organization. After validation, the required statistical indices were calculated through programming and modifying temperature and pressure in Excel software. The output of Excel was given to the AirQ model, and the results were presented as the cases of death.
Results: The annual mean concentrations of SO2 were 2.45, 1.55, 0.6, 0.55, 1.05, and 3.8 times higher than the guidelines of the World Health Organization (WHO) (20 μg/m3) in Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, Shiraz, Tabriz, and Urmia, respectively. The concentrations of CO did not exceed the standard limit in any of the studied cities. The cumulative numbers of total deaths attributed to SO2 were 744, 122, 132, 44, 37, and 107 in Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, Shiraz, Tabriz, and Urmia, respectively. The highest mortality rate was found in Urmia at 2.9% followed by Tehran at 1.52%; the lowest rate of 0.46% was found in Tabriz.
Conclusion: The results show that of the 6 metropolises, the highest CO mortality rate of about 2.15% belonged to Isfahan followed by Arak with about 1.38%, and the lowest rate of 0.68% belonged to Mashhad. Because of the growing trend of air pollution and its mortality rate and adverse effects, practical solutions for the control and reduction of air pollution in Iranian metropolises are necessary.

Keywords: Air pollution, Software, Iran, Cities
eprint link: http://eprints.kmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/26257
Full-Text [PDF 1512 kb]   (1898 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/05/22 | Accepted: 2017/05/22 | Published: 2017/05/22
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Kermani M, Dowlati M, Fallah Jokandan S, Aghaei M, Bahrami Asl F, Karimzadeh S. Evaluation of cardiovascular and respiratory mortality attributed to atmospheric SO2 and CO using AirQ model. Environ. Health Eng. Manag.. 2017; 4 (2) :101-108
URL: http://ehemj.com/article-1-254-en.html


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Volume 4, Issue 2 (Spring, 2017) Back to browse issues page
Environmental Health Engineering And Management Journal Environmental Health Engineering And Management Journal
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